Arthur R. Ellis, Ph.D., is a Licensed Professional Counselor who has been a clinician since 1971. He holds degrees in psychology and rehabilitation counseling from The University of Tennessee, Knoxville and a doctorate from Lasalle University. In recent years he has worked as a therapist in the Psychology Service of a Veterans Administration Medical Center. He studied axiology under Robert S. Hartman who personally trained him in the use and interpretation of the "Hartman Value Profile" (HVP). Over the years he has administered and interpreted hundreds of HVPs. His research has included explorations of the value patterns of alcoholics. He has been active in the R. S. Hartman for Formal and Applied Axiology, serving on the Board of Directors, and holding the positions of Executive Director and President. He is a certified Master Addictions Therapist and a Diplomate of the American Psychotherapy Association.