John Philpot, served as Archdeacon of Winchester. Philpot was a man of great learning, with knowledge not only of the Bible but of its languages, especially Hebrew. He was arrested and tried as a heretic, for refusing to recant his protestant beliefs. He was able to preserve secret notes about his hearings. Much of this material was later printed by John Foxe in his Actes and Monuments (better known as Foxe's Book of Martyrs). He was martyred in 1555.