This is the first history of English public schools founded by Evangelicals in the nineteenth century. Five existing public schools can be traced back to this period: Cheltenham College, Dean Close School, Monkton Combe School, Trent College, and St Lawrence's College. Some of these schools were set up in direct competition with new Anglo-Catholic schools, while others drew their inspiration from and, to a greater or lesser extent, were modelled on their rivals. Harris documents, for the first time, the rise of Evangelical societies such as the influential Church Association and the little-known Clerical and Lay Associations. An extensive bibliography and useful biographical survey of influential Evangelicals of the period completes this groundbreaking study.