William F. AlbrightWilliam Foxwell Albright (1891-1971) was the dean of Twentieth-century Biblical Archaeologists. Albright published extensively, more than 800 books, pamphlets, and articles. He came to the public's attention primarily as an authenticator. In 1948, he confirmed the authenticity of the Dead Sea Scrolls, which were a thousand years older than any previously known Hebrew texts.
Born in Chile to Methodist missionaries, Albright came to Johns Hopkins as a student in 1913 to work under Paul Haupt. He earned his Ph.D. and set to work in a career that would eventually encompass Semitic philology, archaeology, and ancient languages. After a decade of work in Jerusalem, Albright returned to Hopkins in 1929 and taught there for nearly 30 years.